Known as the “invisible disease” because of the difficulty of diagnosing it, fibromyalgia is a doubly insidious pathology: first of all because of the physical and psychological suffering it causes, then because it does not is neither seen nor left on the body; however, its causes remain unknown today.
Listed by WHO among the diseases in 1992, fibromyalgia attacks all the soft parts of the musculoskeletal system and affects 4% of the world population, 90% of whom are women. Here is what it is and how to deal with it.
“The suffering caused by fibromyalgia is something very difficult to explain: I do not know how I’m going to wake up today, if I can move, laugh or just cry … What I do know is that I do not I do not have a chronic illness
This testimony is effective in describing not only the type of pain, but also and above all the social misunderstanding that surrounds those affected, causing a second deep suffering.
The main problem lies in the fact that its origin is unknown; in particular, we do not know if it’s organic or psychological. The conclusions of the experts are in fact controversial:
About 47% of patients suffer from anxiety, but this could also be a consequence of the disease.
Those who suffer from greater hypersensitivity to daily sensory stimulation;
In the presence of a visual, tactile, olfactory or auditory stimulus, the sensory regions of the brain undergo excessive stimulation.
The victim has a greater number of sensory nerve fibers in the blood vessels, so any stimulus or temperature change causes intense pain.
Basically, any emotional factor increases the feeling of pain in an unbearable vicious cycle.
5 psychological strategies to deal with fibromyalgia
Although each strategy can have a different impact from one person to another, there are five strategies to take:
1. Understand your illness Stay in close contact with doctors, specialists and psychologists: multidisciplinary treatments are needed, each of which will contribute to the knowledge of this pathology, helping you to cope with it daily.
2. Be positive. It is important to accept the pain without being depressed. Feel free to talk to those who suffer from it, but do not hold grudges against those who do not seem to understand you.
3. Do activities to combat stress and anxiety. There are some very useful relaxation techniques, including yoga.
4. Do not let the pain take control of your life. Set up daily breaks where you can focus on yourself and make fun of yourself
5. Face your emotions and thoughts. What you think and feel influences your physical condition: if you think you can not do it, you will not do it, on the contrary, if you say you will succeed, you will be victorious.